or, by University of Bristol. "Each of these had a profound effect on the evolution of the Earth and of life. Live Science asked several experts in their field what discoveries, techniques and developments they're most excited to see emerge in the 2020s. "I was studying the geochemical signature of the eruptions a few years ago and identified some massive effects on the atmosphere worldwide. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, (Image: © Andrew Brookes via Getty Images). It marks the start of modern-style coral reefs, as well as many of the modern groups of plankton, suggesting profound changes in the ocean chemistry and carbonate cycle. It wasn't just dinosaurs, but also many modern groups of plants and animals also appeared at this time, including some of the first turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and the first mammals. What's more, the telescope will open a new window into the characteristics of these alien worlds. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. "We could really model, not just cell type diversity, but the cellular architecture" of the brain, Dr. Song said. Click here to sign in with Visit our corporate site. "It has sort of become a joke that a universal [flu] vaccine is perennially just five to 10 years away," said Dr. Amesh Adalja, an infectious-disease specialist and senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in Baltimore. Hi Conrad. It's not often a new mass extinction is identified; after all, such events were so devastating they really stand out in the fossil record. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, We have identified another great extinction event, and it evidently had a major role in helping to reset life on land and in the oceans, marking the origins of modern ecosystems.". "If the right planet exists, we will be able to detect water vapor on a small rocky planet. Can you be injected with two different vaccines? September 16, 2020 Discovery of a new mass extinction by University of Bristol Summary of major extinction events through time, highlighting the new… Please refresh the page and try again. Latest Explore all the latest news and information on Physics World; Research updates Keep track of the most exciting research breakthroughs and technology innovations; News Stay informed about the latest developments that affect scientists in all parts of the world; Features Take a deeper look at the emerging trends and key issues within the global scientific community Click here to sign in with Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. Researchers from the Disruptive & Sustainable Technologies for Agricultural Precision (DiSTAP) Interdisciplinary Research Group (IRG) of Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART), MIT's research enterprise in Singapore and Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory (TLL) have discovered a way to use Raman spectroscopy for early detection of shade avoidance syndrome (SAS) in plants. Remdesivir - a possible treatment for COVID-19? The team built a tabletop Raman spectroscopy instrument that allows measurement of carotenoid levels in plants, which can indicate whether a plant has SAS. What ive found is that netallic substances appear dependent upon the intensity of the light and the structure present in the water and the motion of vibrational waves that interact between the three types of patterns. There was a problem. "Our results showed that Raman spectroscopy can be used to detect SAS induced by shade as well as high-density planting. Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, SMART discovers breakthrough way to look at the surface of nanoparticles, accelerating nano-engineering of materials, X-ray diffraction reveals details inside mummies without having to open them up, Physicist creates N95-type respirators using cotton candy machine, Springer Nature announces plan for open access publishing of research papers, Amateur astronomer Alberto Caballero finds possible source of Wow! "Our experiments with Raman spectroscopy detected a decrease in the carotenoid contents of plants that have SAS," said Dr. Gajendra Pratap Singh, co-first author of the paper and scientific director and principal investigator at DiSTAP. The Higgs was considered the crowning jewel in the Standard Model, the reigning theory that describes the zoo of subatomic particles. (Image credit: AZP Worldwide/Shutterstock), (Image credit: PM Images via Getty Images). Thank you for signing up to Live Science. By Live Science Staff January 01, 2020 Here's what scientists are really excited about. The shifts in climate encouraged growth of plant life, and the expansion of modern conifer forests. Researchers hope to report their initial results in early 2020. Magazine; Latest. The immunization aims to induce an immune response against a less variable part of the flu virus known as the hemagglutinin (HA) "stem." "Various approaches to universal flu vaccines are in advanced development, and promising results are starting to accrue.". That's a lot of worlds that were unknown just over a decade ago. googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1449240174198-2'); }); The team of 17 researchers, led by Jacopo Dal Corso of the China University of Geosciences at Wuhan and Mike Benton of the University of Bristol's School of Earth Sciences, reviewed all the geological and palaeontological evidence and determined what had happened. You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. Axions could explain a long-standing conundrum: Why the laws of physics seem to act the same on both matter particles and their antimatter partners, even when their spatial coordinates are flipped, as Live Science previously reported. "While plants with longer exposure to shade developed more severe SAS, these morphological changes were only seen after one to three days. The climate change caused major biodiversity loss in the ocean and on land, but just after the extinction event new groups took over, forming more modern-like ecosystems. The study has already enrolled more than 12,000 people, and results are expected at the end of 2020, according to the company. (The ultimate goal, of course, is to find a world that has an atmosphere similar to that of Earth's, according to NASA; in other words, a planet with conditions capable of supporting life.). ", Dr. In-Cheol Jang, Principal Investigator at TLL and DiSTAP, who led the project, said the novel discovery can go a long way in assisting farmers to improve urban farming practices. To me, weighing both the importance of discovery and likelihood of it happening, that's the best bet.". "We conducted our experiments on a number of edible plants, including frequently consumed Asian vegetables like Kai Lan and Choy Sum," said Benny Jian Rong Sng, the paper's co-first author and Ph.D. student from Dr. In-Cheol Jang's group at TLL and Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore.

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